The Effect of Material Heterogeneity and Temperature on Impact Toughness and Fracture Resistance of SA-387 Gr. 91 Welded Joints
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This paper presents the analysis of the behavior of welded joints made of 9–12% Cr-Mo steel SA-387 Gr. 91. The successful application of this steel depends not only on the base metal’s (BM) properties but even more on heat-affected-zone (HAZ) and weld metal (WM), both at room and at operating temperature. Impact testing of specimens with a notch in BM, HAZ, and WM was performed on a Charpy instrumented pendulum to enable the separation of the total energy in crack-initiation and crack-propagation energy. Fracture toughness was also determined for all three zones, applying standard procedure at both temperatures. Results are analyzed to obtain a deep insight into steel SA 387 Gr. 91’s crack resistance properties at room and operating temperatures. Results are also compared with results obtained previously for A-387 Gr. B to assess the effect of an increased content of Chromium.
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